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There is no place in the continental United States with a climate that is better than Florida's for producing tropical fish. The industry is centered in the part of the state from Tampa southward, which is below the common freeze line. This warm climate allows Florida farms to grow fish 12 months of the year.

Certain varieties are extremely tolerant of cooler temperatures (especially those that come from mountainous regions of the tropics), and even a severe winter freeze does not affect them. However, others don't do well if water temperatures drop below 70 degrees Fahrenheit, and farms start losing fish below 60 degrees Fahrenheit. For this reason, today's farms are putting greenhouse covers over more pools every year. The covers represent a substantial cost to the farm, but beneath them the ponds will stay warm enough for the cold- sensitive fish to survive throughout the winter. Sales of tropical fish and plants are highest in the winter months. so the demand for the fish is at its peek when production is at its lowest. By covering ponds,

Florida has increased its production and supply of fish during this crucial time. Thus, the availability of certain fish is no longer seasonal. Water is a necessity for fish production, and Florida has plenty of it ... and the quality is excellent. The state averages 55 inches of rain per year, which continuously recharges the aquifer and ground water tables. Tropical fish ponds are dug into the shallow water tables found throughout the southern half of the state and, depending on the location of the farm and its soil type, the water-quality parameters vary considerably.

In the extreme south, ponds are actually carved into the coral bedrock. This bedrock is what remains from the geological period when that part of the state was under the sea. It is very porous, so fresh water Is always flowing through the ponds as the shallow aquifer makes its way to the sea.

In addition, this water has extremely good alkalinity and hardness characteristics, which make It well-suited for producing fish that like such conditions. Soil characteristics throughout the state vary dramatically. A single farm on the west coast of Florida may have ponds dug in as many as five different types of soil. You may find highly alkaline ponds with either limestone or shell outcropping, ponds cut in black "hard pan" white sugar sand or even Blue gumbo clay. Farmers quickly learn which soil types produce which varieties of fish best and set production schedules to take advantage of the soil characteristics of the pond. This allows Florida to produce in ponds which are optimal for species preferring such conditions. For example, African Cichlids like hard, alkaline waters, so the coral bedrock ponds in the Miami are suit them. May Tetras prefer soft acidic water found elsewhere.Regardless of the specific site, Florida is blessed with the warm climate and abundant fresh water necessary for successful tropical fish and plant production! New technology is constantly being employed on the farms, allowing the farmer to further control water quality and ensuring that the fish get the best conditions possible and arrive healthy at your Aquarium Services Warehouse Outlets Superstore.


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